Current research points to structural abnormalities in the brain as a cause of AS.
These abnormalities impact neural circuits that control thought and behavior.
Asperger’s, or just AS — is one of five neurobiological pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) that is characterized by deficiencies in social and communication skills.
It is considered to be part of the autistic spectrum and is differentiated from other PDDs and from High Functioning Autism (HFA) in that early development is normal and there is no language delay.
Although diagnosed mainly in children, AS is being increasingly diagnosed in adults who seek medical help for mental health conditions such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Another study discovered a strong association between autism and the mutation of a gene the researchers call ENGRAILED 2.Their way of speaking was either disjointed or overly formal, and their all-absorbing interest in a single topic dominated their conversations. Asperger called the condition “autistic psychopathy” and described it as a personality disorder primarily marked by social isolation.Asperger’s observations, published in German, were not widely known until 1981, when an English doctor named Lorna Wing published a series of case studies of children showing similar symptoms, which she called “Asperger’s” syndrome.In 1994, AS was recognized in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) as Asperger’s Disorder.AS is often not identified in early childhood, and many individuals do not receive diagnosis until after puberty or when they are adults.Recognition of the very literal and logical thought processes that are symptomatic of AS can be a tremendous help to both partners in a close/family relationship.(Wikipedia) Asperger syndrome (AS) is a developmental disorder that is characterized by: AS is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), one of a distinct group of neurological conditions characterized by a greater or lesser degree of impairment in language and communication skills, as well as repetitive or restrictive patterns of thought and behavior.Wing’s writings were widely published and popularized.AS became a distinct disease and diagnosis in 1992, when it was included in the tenth published edition of the World Health Organization’s diagnostic manual, International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), and in 1995 it was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic reference book.In most cases, they are aware of their differences and recognize when they need support to maintain an independent life.There are instances where adults do not realize that they have AS personalities until they are having difficulties with relationships and/or attending relationship counseling.