The atomic number corresponds to the number of protons in an atom.Atomic mass is a combination of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus.
His reasoning was based on a belief in evolution, which assumes the earth must be billions of years old.Neutrons that come from these fragmented atoms collide with C to be useful in age estimates.This is a critical assumption in the dating process.The variation is certainly partially the result of a change in the cosmic ray production rate of radiocarbon.The cosmic-ray flux, and hence the production rate of C-14, is a function not only of the solar activity but also of the magnetic dipole moment of the Earth.4Though complex, this history of the earth’s magnetic field agrees with Barnes’ basic hypothesis, that the field has always freely decayed....The procedures used are not necessarily in question. The secular (evolutionary) worldview interprets the universe and world to be billions of years old. The use of carbon-14 dating is often misunderstood.Carbon-14 is mostly used to date once-living things (organic material). Carbon-14 is constantly being added to the atmosphere.Note that, contrary to a popular misconception, carbon dating is not used to date rocks at millions of years old.Before we get into the details of how radiometric dating methods are used, we need to review some preliminary concepts from chemistry.Assumptions in the scientific community are extremely important.If the starting assumption is false, all the calculations based on that assumption might be correct but still give a wrong conclusion. Libby’s original work, he noted that the atmosphere did not appear to be in equilibrium. Libby since he believed the world was billions of years old and enough time had passed to achieve equilibrium. Libby’s calculations showed that if the earth started with no If the cosmic radiation has remained at its present intensity for 20,000 or 30,000 years, and if the carbon reservoir has not changed appreciably in this time, then there exists at the present time a complete balance between the rate of disintegration of radiocarbon atoms and the rate of assimilation of new radiocarbon atoms for all material in the life-cycle.2C in the atmosphere.