In June 2005 as part of "Operation Tarnished Eagle" U. FBI and anti-terrorism officials allegedly uncovered a "conspiracy to murder thousands and thousands of people at one time" and violently overthrow the government of Laos. The plotters were accused of attempting to use rifles, FIM-92 Stinger surface-to-air missiles, anti-tank rockets and other arms and munitions smuggled from the U. via Thailand to "reduce government buildings in Vientiane to rubble", said Bob Twiss, an assistant U. Vang Pao had reportedly built up a strong network of contacts within the U. government and corporate circles sympathetic to his cause.The defendants' lawyers argued that the case against all of their clients was spurious at best.Faced with continuing military operations against them by the government and a scarcity of food, some groups have begun coming out of hiding, while others have sought asylum in Thailand and other countries.Some Hmong fled to California in the United States after the U. military withdrew from Vietnam and Laos, ending its wars in Indochina. Army Rangers, former Green Berets and other guns for hire. Lieutenant-Colonel Harrison Ulrich Jack, a retired California National Guard officer who reportedly served in covert operations during the Vietnam War (in Laos in co-ordination with the Hmong and other tribal groups) and former General Vang Pao were named as the probable ringleaders of the purported coup plot.The Hmong people had, for over half a century been closely allied with the French, who treated them as equals of the Lao people.Touby Lyfoung, an important Hmong leader was decorated by the French administration for leading a combined French, Lao, and Hmong force to relieve the Village of Xieng Khoung from a combined Communist force of Laotians and Vietnamese and saving the French representatives in the village.In June 2007 Vang Pao was arrested in the US by allege plot to overthrow Laotian communist government.
The North Vietnamese invaded Laos in 1958-59 and supported the communist Pathet Lao.
They saw Laos as one of dominoes in their Domino Theory.
Under the leadership of the General Vang Pao, Hmong forces with US support prevented the Pathet Lao and their Vietnamese backers from toppling the Kingdom of Laos.
Hmong people, especially those who had participated in the military conflict were singled out for retribution.
Of those Hmong people who remained in Laos, over 30,000 were sent to re-education camps as political prisoners where they served indeterminate, sometimes life sentences.