In some languages, the term translates to "drink money" or similar: for example pourboire in French, Trinkgeld in German, drikkepenge in Danish, and napiwek in Polish.
This comes from a custom of inviting a servant to drink a glass in honour of the guest, and paying for it, in order for the guests to show generosity among each other. A tronc is an arrangement for the pooling and distribution to employees of tips, gratuities and/or service charges in the hotel and catering trade.
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This sense may have derived from the 16th-century "tip" meaning "to strike or hit smartly but lightly" (which may have derived from the Low German tippen, "to tap") but this derivation is "very uncertain".
The word "tip" was first used as a verb in 1707 in George Farquhar's play The Beaux' Stratagem.
In Nigeria tipping is not so common at upscale hotels and restaurants because service charge is usually included in the bill though the employees seldom get this as part of their wages.
In recent times however, the service provider usually coerce the customer for tips in a subtle manner.
The customary amount of a tip can be a specific range of monetary amounts or a certain percentage of the bill based on the perceived quality of the service given. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "tip" originated as a slang term and its etymology is unclear.
The word "tronc" has its origins in the French for collecting box.
In June 2008, the Employment Appeals Tribunal ruled in a UK test case (Revenue and Customs Commissioners v Annabel’s (Berkeley Square) Ltd) that income from a tronc cannot be counted when assessing whether a wage or salary meets the national minimum wage.
There have been reported cases of security guards asking bank customers for tips. However, hotels that routinely serve foreign tourists allow tipping.
An example would be tour guides and associated drivers.